Cool season grass guide

Cool Season Grasses: The Only Guide You Need Green Turf Car

  1. The most common cool season grass types are Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescue, tall fescue, and perennial ryegrass. You may find seeds of these grasses combined together for different uses and needs. For example, dense shade or sunny conditions, high traffic, and more. The most popular mix is for sun and shade
  2. A cool-season grasses list includes Kentucky bluegrass, annual ryegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue and tall fescue. The key to keeping your yard looking great during the growing seasons of spring, summer and fall is regular maintenance. Here are some factors that contribute to having a lush, green lawn you and your family can enjoy
  3. Cool-season grasses follow a seasonal pattern throughout most of the country: After emerging from dormancy in the spring, cool-season turf quickly grows The grass tolerates summer, but drought and high heat may cause it to turn brown and go dormant As the fall brings cooler weather rain, growth resume
  4. Growth habits of cool-season turfgrasses are either rhizomatous (producing rhizomes), stoloniferous (producing stolons), or bunch type (a species that does not produce rhizomes or stolons -- only tillers). In some cases, the growth habit of turfgrasses can be useful in identification
  5. Cool-season lawn grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass, fine and tall fescues, and perennial ryegrass, flourish in northern regions, where their growth peaks in the cool temperatures and plentiful moisture of fall and spring
  6. The most common types of cool-season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, and tall fescue. You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic, sunny, or dense shade conditions. The most popular and most versatile cool-season grass mix is for sun and shade
  7. ating weeds such as goosegrass or foxtails

This cool season lawn care guide is totally free and contains an easy-to-follow overview of what to apply and when, a list of preferred products, as well as an editable calendar that you can use to follow along and take notes. Want to know how to overseed? Or how about dealing with grubs? Or fungus and diseases Re: Lawn care nut- cool season grass guide Post by Kaba » Fri Apr 26, 2019 11:02 pm From what I have heard for others on reddit is the original guide is fine, nothing groundbreaking that he doesn't cover in the videos, but people purchase it to support his work This digital ebook guide is intended for those with Cool Season Grasses. These grass types include Perennial Ryegrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, and Fescue (both Turf Type Tall Fescue and Fine Fescues). These grasses are grown in the cool season zone on the map at the bottom of this page Cool-Season Grass Varieties Many homeowners who don't do their homework and purchase the wrong grass type for the region they reside in. They might live in a warm-season area of the country and purchase cool-season grass seed by Mark Marino There are five important cool-season grass families. Tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue and creeping bentgrass (used almost exclusively on golf course putting greens). Jonathan Green Black Beauty® Ultra contains three out of the five families

From the Ground Up: Bermuda grass tough to beat in heat

The most popular types of cool season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, fine fescue and perennial ryegrass. These grass-es are used for new lawns, overseeding troubled spots in yards and for livestock forage areas. Even though cool season grass seed grows well during the fall and spring months, don't plant your lawn during the spring This type of grass normally grows well in the spring and fall seasons. These are seasons where the temperature is around 65 degrees or cooler. During the spring months, the cool season grass is able to grow due to falling temperatures as well as in the fall. There are lots of choices to be made when considering what type of cool season grass to.

Cool Season Grass Lawn Care Schedule Monthly Schedul

  1. grass, tall fescue, and fineleaf fescue are common cool-season grasses. By contrast, warm-season grasses perform best in warmer climates and are less common in the Midwest, except near the Ohio River valley. These grasses thrive and grow when many cool-season varieties go dormant. Zoysiagrass and bermudagrass are common warm-season species.
  2. Growing best in temperatures of 55 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, cool season grasses go dormant when temperatures reach 90 to 95. These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass
  3. For cool-season grass, fall provides ideal growing conditions. Give grass a head start on strong root growth by using Scotts® Turf Builder® WinterGuard® Fall Lawn Food twice in fall: once around Labor Day and a second time six to eight weeks later. For warm season grasses, only one application is necessary, in early fall
  4. Cool-season grasses. Cool-season grasses do best in northern and coastal climates where summers are mild and winters are cold. Cool-season grasses thrive during the fall and early spring. They remain green year-round unless temperatures consistently fall below freezing. Grass species. Some warm-season grasses may tolerate colder climates better.
  5. g 12 USING NATIVE WARM-SEASON GRASSES FOR LIVESTOCK FORAGE 13 Haying 14 Grazing 14 Cutting and grazing heights 1
  6. Most cool-season grasses require a taller mowing height than their warm-season counterparts do. Most of them require direct sunlight but are hardy enough to do reasonably well even in shady or partially shady areas. These types of grasses typically require more watering than warm-season grasses, as well
  7. Seasonal Maintenance of Cool-Season (Northern) Grasses By Jaime Staufenbeil - Milorganite Agronomist April 11, 2020. Here are tips for year-round lawn care in the North. These are the most important tasks for each season, including the best times of year to fertilize, dethatch, aerate and repair damaged lawns in the North.. Here's your guide to maintaining your cool-season lawn throughout.
Lawn Fungus Identification Guide & Pictures + 6 Ways to

fescue and other cool season grasses, warm season grasses are most productive from June to early September. Therefore, a combination of separate cool and warm season pastures can be managed to supply a more constant supply of high quality forage throughout the season than either cool or warm season grasses alone Learning. This is a guide for cool season grasses. Cool-season grasses grow in the upper two-thirds of the United States. In the top-third (or the area roughly defined as New England, the Upper Midwest, High Plains, Northern California, and Pacific Northwest) typically only cool-season grasses are grown 4. Corn Speedwell. Speedwell is a low-growing plant that produces small purple flowers in the spring. This weed will pop up in your yard if your lawn is poorly fertilized, has thinning turf, or compact soil. 5. Crabgrass. One of the most popular cool-season grass weeds, crabgrass is very common in turfgrass If your lawn grass survives from year to year, identification starts with cool- or warm-season. In the transition zone, the region where northern and southern grasses hit their limits, your lawn may have cool- or warm-season grasses. The following are some of the most common cool-season grasses found in U.S. lawns

Quick Guide to Cool-season Grasses TruGree

  1. All cool season grass types best growth periods are in the Spring and Fall. Summer time and winter brings on dormancy in cool season grass. Many of the cool season lawns planted in the North today are cultivars of improved varieties of the three major cool season grasses -- Bluegrass, Fescue Grass & Perennial Ryegrass
  2. Cool-season grasses may be planted either in the spring or late summer. If planting cool-season grasses in the spring, seed when the soil temperatures are 40 to 45 o F and the fields can be worked resulting in a firm seedbed. If weed competition is anticipated, seed in late summer and control weeds by tillage and/or chemical methods prior to.
  3. I have heard you and created a simplified calendar for our area's cool season grasses (bluegrass and tall fescue). Following is a simple month-by-month guide to help put you on the road to success. Mid-March Spot treat broadleaf weeds if necessary. This controls pesky spring weeds such as dandelions, henbit and chickweed
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The Cool-season Turfgrasses: Identificatio

The Complete Guide To Cool-Season Grasses. Published on Tuesday, December 10, 2019. This article was tagged under: Lawn Care. Get a thorough understanding of the cool-season grasses that love Pennsylvania lawns! We've been covering a lot on turfgrass, because well, that's what comprises your Pennsylvania lawn! Don't miss these engaging. This publication refers primarily to cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and fine fescue. For zoysia and Bermuda grass lawns, see MU Extension publication G6706, Establishment and Care of Zoysiagrass Lawns. March. Use broadleaf herbicides for perennial and winter annual weeds not controlled in the fall Cool season grasses germinate and grow in the cool weather of fall. This makes the fall the best time to overseed a cool season lawn. With soil still warm from the summer, cool evening temperatures, and mild daytime temperatures, cool season grass seed can quickly germinate and establish before the first frost

Lawn Care Calendar for Cool-Season Lawn

Identifying common cool-season perennial pasture grasses. Correctly identifying grasses is important for proper pasture management and to maximize yields and profits. At first glance, most grasses in the vegetative stage look similar. However, each grass is unique and can be distinguished from other species Cool-season grass strains tend to produce shallower roots and are more susceptible to high heat and drought. When it comes to choosing the best grass variety for your yard, the first step is to consider what species would best survive in your particular region and climate Identification of Common, Cool-Season, Perennial Pasture Grasses by Krishona Martinson, University of Minnesota Correct identification of grasses is important for proper pasture management and maximizing yields and profits. At first glance, most grasses in the vegetative stage look similar, however, each grass is unique and can be distinguished.

Cool Season Lawns. Cool Season Lawn Guide. Cool season grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass, Fescue & Rye. 77 post Cool-Season Grasses. In the northern United States, cool-season grasses are the dominant types used although there is some overlapping with warm-season types. This cool-season group of grasses includes the very popular Kentucky bluegrass, both tall and fine fescues, and ryegrass family. Cool-season grasses tend to green up faster in the spring. taken to determine if amendments are needed for the cool season cover crop. Use the soil test results and land owner needs to best select the grasses, legumes, and/or forbs that meet the desired goals. A cool season cover crop planting can be either monotypic or a multi-species mixture. Refer to the NRC GCI Turf Academy Cool Season Lawn Care Guide. $ 49.00. The BRAND NEW COOL SEASON GUIDE UPDATE IS NOW LIVE! With this purchase, you will get the latest versions of the GCI Turf Lawn Care Guides! INCLUDED: Beginner Edition Lawn Care Guide. Estate Edition Lawn Care Guide. Liquid Edition Lawn Care Guide. Elite Edition Lawn Care Guide

Learn about Cool Season Grasses Such as Tall Fescue & Ryegras

Below is a list of commonly used cool-season grasses. View fullsize. Festulolium. Festulolium is a hybrid cross between a ryegrass (either perennial, annual, or Italian) and meadow or tall fescue. Festulolium is quick to establish, palatable, and high in sugar content. It is mainly utilized for grazing and stockpiling After more than 300 videos of cool season lawn care content on Youtube, I've compiled ALL of my best tips and tricks into this digital ebook covering an ENTIRE SEASON of lawn care for cool season grasses from start to finish. This easy to follow guide features well over 100 pages of my personal recommendations https://goo.gl/FFUuQ7 CLICK HERE for our in-depth cool season grass guide!https://goo.gl/7WmFnb CLICK HERE for our lawn care page with schedules, tips, a.. In a time when most Wisconsin graziers predominantly use non- native, cool-season grasses due to their high productivity and forage quality , UW-Madison Agronomy Professor Randy Jackson sought to determine whether or not warm-season grasses that were native to Wisconsin's plant community in the past would be able to compete o Northern, cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue need proper care, including use of Milorganite organic-nitrogen fertilizer. Southern, warm-season grasses are best suited for tropical and subtropical climates and thrive between the temperatures of 80-95⁰

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THE BEST Cool Season Lawn Care Guide (now FREE!) Lawn Phi

Cool-Season Grasses. Kentucky Bluegrass. Seed in early spring or early fall. Fertilize in early spring (after a mild winter) or late spring (after a cold winter), late summer and fall. Add small amounts of a shade-tolerant grass (such as fine fescue) or a wear-resistant grass (such as perennial ryegrass) to enhance a bluegrass lawn The recommended rate of fertilizer application for warm-season grasses is much lower than for cool-season grasses: ¾ to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet of lawn. When to Fertilize New Grass Whether you're planting grass seed or laying sod, you should fertilize the soil before you start the growing process as part of prep List of Cool-Season Grasses . In the central United States, the northern United States, and the most southerly provinces of Canada, you are more likely to see people growing cool-season grasses. These types often grow the most in the moderately cool temperatures of late spring and early fall

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Lawn care nut- cool season grass guide - The Lawn Foru

  1. The ideal height for most grasses is around 2 1/2 inches (6.35 cm) tall year round. However, the actual height varies in cool and warm season grasses, and in summer the grass should be higher to keep roots cool. The rule of thumb is to cut no more than 1/3 of the grass blades off
  2. This is primarily because of the slowed growth rates of cool-season grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass and fescues during the hottest part of the growing season (Chart 1). In fact, over-fertilization at this time promotes weed growth over turf growth and can cause grass to become drought stressed due to over-stimulation of top growth
  3. 2. >50% of warm‐season native grasses have gone to seed and >25% of cool‐season invasive grasses are fall green‐up plants, or 3. >50% of warm‐season native grasses have gone to seed and >75% of cool‐season invasive grasses have completely senesced. Spring Treatment
  4. Cool season grasses actively grow in spring and fall, when the soil temperature is between 32 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. This early and late growth means cool season grasses can provide food and cover when warm season species have not yet started or have already ended their growth. Most cool season grasses are short (2-4 feet tall)
  5. Cool-season turf species are those that have optimum growth at temperatures between 60 and 75°F, whereas warm-season turfgrasses have optimum growth between 80 and 95°F. By far the most commonly-grown species in North Carolina is the cool-season grass tall fescue, followed by warm-season bermudagrass
  6. LCN/JTLK Cool Season Lawn Rehab Project Supplement Guide. This is a supplement guide designed to give more context surrounding a cool season lawn fall recovery or rehab program (Kentucky Bluegrass/Fescue/Rye). Our project ( myself and Jake The Lawn Kid) starts here in the fall and will go through until next summer and possibly beyond
  7. ant seeded midwestern grasses, the most common native pasture grasses (quackgrass and Kentucky bluegrass), and a few annual weedy grasses. While many other grasses grow in the Midwest, they do not contribute significantly to the stand or yield. This guide will help you identify grasse
The Grass Guide: Tall Fescue – The Horse

Cool Season Grass Weeds. In the previous blog, Types of Turfgrass Weeds, we told you that grasses have leaves with veins that turn parallel to each other and are two-ranked.We also classify these grass weeds by season; cool season and warm season. Here we share with you examples of cool season grass weeds and how to tell which weed you may have in your lawn Cool season grasses grow in the spring and fall, while warm season grasses grow in the heat of the summer. Graze for short periods of time (7-10 days) and allow long re-growth periods (70-120 days) where the grass has time to recover with no grazing stress. Designate a small sacrifice area or corral to keep animals while grasses are recovering Cool season grasses do best where there are extreme temperature fluctuations, such as those in the North, Northeast and Pacific Northwest. In the North, where cool-season grass types are popular, lawns need to be fed four times a year with each feeding six to eight weeks apart. If your lawn is still green and actively growing in the summer, you. This is a step by step guide that will walk you through a complete turf renovation. This guide will teach you how to convert your existing lawn to a beautiful cool season turf. NO PRIVATE FACEBOOK ACCESS COMES WITH THIS GUIDE. YOU WILL GET ACCESS TO THAT WITH THE COOL SEASON LAWN PROGRAM. THIS IS AN INSTANT DOWNLOAD

Quackgrass Identification Guide (Look for these 5 things!) Identifying grassy weeds is a lot harder than identifying broadleaf weeds. Grassy weeds don't tend to stand out as much from one another so it can sometimes be hard to know what weed you're looking at. Quackgrass (Elymus repens) is a cool-season, perennial grassy weed found in many. Cool Season Grasses . Cool season grass will start to grow early in the spring and may even remain semi-evergreen over the winter. Cool season grasses also seem to do better and have better foliage quality when temperatures are cool or if they are given sufficient water during drought periods Season of Use. One criterion for selecting species is their ability to supply forage when it is needed (Tables 1-4). Perennials have different periods of plant growth and dif-ferent nutritional value and palatability during their growing season and dormant periods. Most cool-season native and introduced grasses can provide forage i Cool-season grasses resume actively growing in April and continue that growth while cool temperatures and rains prevail. Cool season grasses do not go dormant in the winter months. Rather, they go into a suspended state of growth and form complex sugars which act as antifreeze. Common cool season grasses include bromegrass Cool-season grasses cool-season grass. These types of grasses are mainly grown well in low temperatures that means grow rapidly in early spring and early fall. If the temperature is high and the availability of water is low, these grasses may remain dormant. Major types of cool-season grasses are Bentgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Red Fescue.

The Ultimate Guide to Cool Season Lawns - Ryan Knorr Lawn Car

Cool Season Grass Options. If you're a homeowner who is really set on a cool season grass that stays green all year long, don't worry—there are multiple options to choose from. The most popular of options that can be found throughout many Southern California home lawns is a 90 percent fescue and 10 percent bluegrass seeded blend It is an economical mix that includes 6 grass varieties with high yields and improved forage quality. Grasses included are: Intermediate Wheatgrass, Orchardgrass, Pubescent Wheatgrass, Meadow Bromegrass, Perennial Ryegrass, Smooth Bromegrass, and Timothy. These cool-season grasses produce best in spring and fall with cool temperatures and moisture Warm-season grass originates in the South and grows best in hot weather. Most warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown in cool temperatures. It should be planted in late spring. Some warm-season grass seeds, such as Zoysia, should be planted at least 90 days before the last frost in your area or the seed may not survive the winter

Ultimate Cool-Season Grass Guide - Green Thumb Plane

Renovating Cool-season Lawns. The extended heat and drought of the summer has wreaked havoc on cool-season lawns. Whether you need partial or complete renovation, this podcast provides tips in grass selection, establishment, fertility and weed control that will restore it to spring-like quality. Much of Virginia dealt with moderate to severe. Do-It-Yourself & Save! Affordable Pest Solutions. Free Shipping & Expert Advice

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Cool Season Grass Guide - How To Choose The Best Grass

Cool Season Grasses Habitat How-to's 1 Cool season grasses actively grow in spring and fall, when the soil temperature is between 32 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Most cool season grasses that presently exist in Kentucky are European in origin; they include tall fescue, orchardgrass, timothy, and bluegrass. A few cool season Cool season grasses are either seeded or sodded; this article is going to focus on the principles of establishing turf from cool season grass seed. Timing Timing is the first critical factor to consider when establishing any new turf. Cool season grass species are most competitive in the cooler temperatures of the spring and fall Updated and expanded - Cool Season Turf: Hybrid Organic Lawn Guide - DIGITAL DOWNLOAD. IMPORTANT: This plan covers the following Cool Season grass types: Kentucky Bluegrass. Ryegrass. Fescue (including Turf Type Tall Fescue) If you live in the area marked in blue below, you most likely have cool season grass in your lawn

Note: Cool-season lawns include Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, ˜ne fescues, and perennial ryegrass. Turf Care Calendar for Cool-Season Lawns in Kentucky Gregg C. Munshaw, Plant and Soil Sciences Revised 7-201 Cool season turf grass growth cycle. These grasses endure throughout the seasons because they grow rapidly during spring and fall when temperatures are cool and then become inactive during the heat and drought of summer. A sustainable lawn care routine should support this natural life cycle of cool season grasses Fertilize Kansas City Cool Season Lawns in September. Return to Lawn Agent Articles. September is the best time of the year to fertilize cool season lawns such as tall fescue and bluegrass. If you could only fertilize your cool-season grasses once per year, this would be the best time to do it

Cool Season Grasses - Definition, Uses & Types of Cool

native cool-season grasses. A group of mostly perennial grasses that grow actively from early spring to early summer and then again in early fall when temperatures are cooler (growth begins once soil temperatures reach 50°-55°F). While NWSGs are the backbone of the prairies, NCSGs fulfill an important ecological role by providing forage. For cool-season grasses, the best time to aerate is in the fall or spring. For warm-season grasses, the best time is in early summer. If necessary, dethatch: Over time, your lawn will collect bits and pieces of grass and leaf debris into an interwoven mass called thatch, which can build up on your grass Apply grass seeds (overseeding) For warm season grass, conduct overseeding during the last week of winter and first few days in spring. If your lawn has cool season grass, apply grass seeds during early fall. 6. Add fertilizer and grub control. Based on the soil test results, apply fertilizer if needed

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Types of Grass Guide - Warm and Cool Season Grasse

Roots of cool-season grasses can grow at soil temperatures below 50°F, but growth slows dramatically as temperatures approach freezing (32°F). Root growth is greatest for cool-season grasses during spring and fall and much reduced during the summer and winter months. Turfgrasses take-up water from the soil through their root system Kentucky bluegrass is the most widely used cool-season species and the all-around best choice for a general-purpose lawn. Photo by Dr. Van Cline, Agronomist, The Toro Company. For a deep green, fine-textured, attractive lawn, choose Kentucky bluegrass. Bluegrass is able to withstand moisture and temperature extremes, is winter hardy, and will. Cool Season Grass - This grass grows in mountain and Piedmont regions and remains green throughout winter. Cool-season grass thrives best in fall, but often look stressed during summer. They are best seeded in early fall and should not be planted in late winter or spring. Tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescues are. In early spring or fall, overseed with a cool season grass (rye, fescue, Kentucky bluegrass) and overseed with a warm season grass (Bermuda or Zoysia) early in the summer. To get an even application apply the seed with a broadcast seeder. Water the seed to help it establish. 5. Mow Chickweed (Stellaria media) Moist shade gives chickweed a just-right spot to grow and thrive. This ground cover weed is an annual that grows like a perennial in areas with mild winters. Stems root as they crawl along soil. Starry flowers open white. If left to set seed, you can expect 2,500 to 15,000 seeds per plant

Landowner's Guide: Cool Season Grasse

Use the following guidelines for cutting cool season grasses: Ideal Mowing height: 2.5 - 3.5 inches. It is best to mulch clippings, which returns nutrients to the soil. Only bag clippings if they are piling up on top of the grass and cannot be removed otherwise. Use a sharp mower blade, which puts less stress on the plant It's a cool-season grass that needs to be seeded and fertilized in the fall. Except for a couple of hot and humid months during the summer, fescue grasses will look good most of the year. It's. What kinds: Grasses such as bromegrass, fescue, Kentucky bluegrass and perennial rye thrive in temperatures from 60 to 75 degrees. In a Midwestern yard, this grass does best in spring and fall, growing quickly and staying quite green. In summer and winter, cool season grasses go dormant; the grass may be brown and look dead, but it's just napping Cool season grasses are typically found in these states. Cool season grass species are all available as seed, whereas warm season species are primarily available vegetatively, i.e. sod or stolons. Cool season species are most widely adapted in the northern two-thirds of the United States. The middle third of the country is called the transition. cool-season and the warm-season grasses. Cool-season grasses include perennial ryegrass, Kentucky blue-grass, fine fescues, creeping bentgrass, and tall fescue. Optimal growth of these grasses occurs within a tem-perature range of 60° to 70°F, and they require more water than warm-season grasses. Warm-season grasses

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An optimal height for a cool-season grass generally is about 2 1/2 inches. And at each mowing, you should only be removing about the top 1/3 of the grass blade. Consequently, a good time to mow lawns is when your grass is about 3 2/3 inches high. It is especially recommended that you stick to this rule of thumb in fall (and, to a lesser degree. Cool-season grasses: Need a minimum air temperature of 40℉ to 42℉ for active shoot growth. Most of the biomass is produced in the spring and late fall when both air and soil temperatures are cooler. Optimum biomass production when average temps are 65℉ to 75℉. Require more water to stay green in a hot summer

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Ryegrass is a common addition to cool-season grass mixes and is the overseeding wintergreen option for warm-season lawns. St. Augustine Grass. St. Augustine grass is the turfgrass of choice in warm climates where sandy soil is prevalent. The blue-green color lasts into fall, unlike other warm-season grasses. Zoysia Grass The best time to overseed your lawn depends on the grass type. Cool-Season Grasses. Overseed cool-season varieties in late summer or early fall. The soil is still warm then because of the hot summer heat; hence it provides a conducive environment for fast seed growth. There's also adequate precipitation in fall to keep the soil moist Cool season grasses. The majority of the nitrogen fertilization should be applied in the fall and spring for cool-season grasses such as tall fescue. If summer application of nitrogen is made to improve the color or aid recovery from damage, the rate should be between 0.2 and 0.5 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet Cool-season grasses achieve optimum growth at temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Common cool-season grass types include Kentucky Bluegrass, Rough Bluegrass, Fine Fescue and Tall Fescues. As is the case with warm-season grass, proper mowing and watering techniques are also an essential part of the proper maintenance for cool. Many cool-season grasses such as bluegrasses, bentgrasses, and fescues have a panicle inflorescence with multiple levels of branching and re-branching (Figure 3). However, panicles can also consist of various spicate branches that extend away from the central axis, as in the case of seashore Paspalum and Bermudagrass (Figure 4)