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Documentary modes

Film Documentary Guide: 6 Types of Documentaries - 2021

Documentary modes Situations and events, actions and issues may be represented in a variety of ways. Strategies arise, conventions take shape, constraints come into play; these factors work to establish commonality among different texts, to place them within the same discursive formation at a given historical moment The performative mode of documentary is the direct opposite of the observational mode. In Observational documentaries, unobtrusive observation of the subject is the director's aim. A Performative documentary emphasizes the filmmaker's own involvement with the subject In documentary film and video, we can identify six modes of representation that function something like sub-genres of the documentary genre itself: poetic, expository, participatory, observational, reflexive, performative There are six different modes of documentary, each with their own style and filmmaking characteristics. American film critic Bill Nichols defined these documentary types as expository, participatory, observational, performative, poetic, and reflexive

Video: DOCUMENTARY MODES - DePaul Universit

Meaning of Documentary, Types, and Modes According to Webster's dictionary, documentary consists of written down documents. The Wikipedia defines documentary as a non -fictional motion picture with the purpose of documenting some aspects of reality, intended to maintain a historical record We suggest you start with Introduction to Documentary, the classic text from Bill Nichols that outlines the six modes (or sub-genres) of documentaries. While there's a lot of variation within, these are the six main categories of the genre into which all documentary films can be placed. Let's take a look Documentary Modes. Although Stella Bruzzi argues that each of the individual modes are often integrated with one another, it is best to deal with them separately in order to understand the extent to which these modes portray reality. Firstly however, it is essential to put the origination of the several modes into context regarding the creation. The documentary modes are similar in various aspects, but they are different because of the tactics that make this type of documentary. Filmmakers try to change the social context to diagnose what they feel the viewer's expectations will be for that scene and scenes later. Filmmakers for documentaries want their movies to influence their audienc

Bill Nichols 6 Modes of Documentary - Lift-Off Global Networ

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  2. documentary modes Flashcards. Browse 66 sets of documentary modes flashcards. Study sets Diagrams Classes Users. 6 Terms. jana_clark511. Documentary Modes. Expository Mode. Poetic Mode. Observational Mode
  3. Thirdly there is Reflexive Documentaries. These are the most self conscious of all the documentary modes. They want us to Question the authenticity of the documentary in general. As well as being highly skeptical of realism. A unique mode is the Poetic Mode. It is formal, and has an aesthetic integrity peculiar to the film itself
  4. Documentary mode is a conceptual scheme developed by American documentary theorist Bill Nichols that seeks to distinguish particular traits and conventions of various documentary film styles. Nichols identifies six different documentary 'modes' in his schema: poetic, expository, observational, participatory, reflexive, and performative
  5. This is a compilation of six documentary clips in an effort to exemplify the different modes. These choices are my interpretations of the documentaries' cate..
  6. A documentary film or documentary is a non-fictional motion-picture intended to document reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. Bill Nichols has characterised the documentary in terms of a filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, and mode of audience reception [that remains] a practice without clear boundaries
  7. Documentary Modes We can identify 6+1 modes of documentary films/videos: Poetic, Reflexive, Observational, Participatory, Expository, Performative, and Experimental (the +1)

In this video, Cecilio explains and gives examples of each of Bill Nichols' Mode of Documentary Film. __Cecilio:Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cecilio_.. The Reflexive Mode. The Reflexive Mode acknowledges the constructed nature of documentary and displays it proudly. The presence of directions, cameras and lights is emphasised. The making of the documentary is at the centre of the documentary along the subject matter. There is an intentional display of the filmmakers activities However, not all documentaries can be catergorised under Nichols' documentary modes as Bruzzi criticises Nichols' theories saying that documentaries do not always represent the real world most filmmakers aim for, instead they contribute to the audience's perception of it. For example, 'Flying Padre' (1951) documentary although giving. These are the most self conscious of all the documentary modes. They want us to Question the authenticity of the documentary in general. As well as being highly skeptical of [] on December 27, 2017 at 6:46 pm | Reply 21chris19. Excellent. Helped me to distinguish between the different modes Firstly, the six modes implied in Nichols are as far as I can make out are as follows; after a brief introduction the text begins the first of these modes - the expository mode describing the documentary is an agreement between the filmmaker and the audience and referring the documentary as 'a rhetorical form: a form based, however loosely, on the construction of an argument for or against something'

Documentary Modes - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Documentary Modes 6 DOCUMENTARY MODES When creating a factual programme for TV or a Documentary as they are usually called, there are lots of codes and conventions you will need to consider in order to create a successful documentary. There are 6 documentary modes that documentary makers will have to consider before creating the documentary. The firs

Documentary styles examples

Performative Documentaries. The final documentary mode outlined by Nichols, performative documentaries, often rely on the filmmaker's personal experiences and accounts to connect to a larger issue. The construction of these documentaries depend heavily on the filmmaker's objective (as do all the modes) but is particularly true with. Documentary Modes - Bowling for Columbine Stuff. Documentary types. · Expository documentaries: This speaks directly to the viewer, often in the form of an authoritative commentary using voiceover or titles to propose a strong argument and point of view. These type of films usually use a commentary to enhance the narrative Documentary Modes - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Research into the different modes of documentaries

Documentary Modes - Opening Clas

• bottom line: Out of all the documentaries, the reflexive mode is the most self-conscious and deliberately evokes the audience to question the authenticity of documentary filmmaking. It challenges conventions of documentary realism, making the viewer active in constructing their own interpretations through the forms of the film Types and styles of documentaries. The poetic mode. It aims to create a specific mood and tone rather than to provide the viewer with information. Its origin is linked to the emergence of artistic avant-gardes in cinema; uses many of the devices typical of other arts (fragmentation, subjective impressions, etc.). Modes of Documentaries. Rain NY.

6 modes of documentaries - SlideShar

  1. g often sees mixed styles these modes are still present in reality program
  2. es the football star's rise and fall—and the murder.
  3. In documentary...we can identify six modes of representation that function something like sub genres (Nichols, 2001. 99) meaning that documentary theorist Bill Nichols can identify six different types (or modes) of documentary. These are: expositional; poetic; observational; participatory; performative; reflexive. Within this post I will explore two documentaries ('Louis Theroux By Reason of.
  4. A brief overview of documentary modes as described by Bill Nichols. Blog. July 24, 2021. Reporting types: Use cases and choosing the right type of reportin
  5. Documentary Modes. We can identify 6+1 modes of documentary films/videos: Poetic, Reflexive, Observational, Participatory, Expository, Performative, and Experimental (the +1).. The Poetic Mode. The Poetic documentary shares a common field and area with modernist and artistic expression. This kind of documentary emphasises visuals to encourage the audience to understand an inner truth
  6. The documentary filmmaker has many ways to convey rhetoric, and we have Bill Nichols to thank for organizing these modes. Nichols is a documentary theorist who has drawn up six ways of classifying documentaries. The six modes defined by Nichols are Poetic, Expository, Observational, Participatory, Reflexive and Performative. YouTube
  7. The International Documentary Association (IDA) ranks Grey Gardens as number nine among the top documentaries of all time. It has been honored at the Edinburgh, Cannes, and New York film festivals. A classic in the direct cinema genre, which brothers David and Albert Maysles pioneered through such films as Salesman (1968) and Gimme.

Nichols (1991) Documentary Modes of Representation. This article reinforces the concept of the previous readings, in that ethnographic films distort the reality behind them. However, Nichols focuses on how films are constructed and changed to reflect reality (Edmonds 16-25:1974) The advance of technology in the 1960's enabled cameras to be built smaller and lighter, thus allowing film makers to simply observe reality with a camera without intruding on its subject and therefore arguably fuelled the basis of the observational mode[1]. Hospital (1970) was one of the earliest observational documentaries and arguably succeeded in presentin The three modes of documentary are: Expository, Observational and Interactive. We have discussed each one thoroughly and also looked at many examples. Expository. An expository mode is where a documentary is presented with a clear argument throughout. This argument can be presented easily through a narrator but the narrator can be different

Modes of documentary, even though they all have their very own qualities, often blend with each other in documentaries. Even though one mode can be obvious when watching a documentary, most of the times, other modes come into the picture in more subtle or less present ways. Bill Nichol's list of documentary modes help us to identify the form. The outline below is the modes suggested by Nichols, some more prevalent than others. Understanding the various modes of the documentary can come in useful not just for analysing documentaries but for a filmmaker creating their own documentary. Nichols 2001 looked at history of documentary and identified 6 distinct modes Combining modes Of course, documentary comics can combine various documentary modes in one work. Already in the 19th century combinations can be found as on this cover of the Belgian journal Illustration Européenne (March 13, 1887, FIG 5), which shows earthquake that shook the French city of Nice in 1887. he cover brings together in one frame. I think this documentary definitely is a performative documentary as the whole documentary is based on the filmmaker's life and how he is trying to reconstruct his memories. Poetic The poetic mode moved away from continuity editing and instead organized images of the material world by means of associations and patterns, both in terms of time.

The Expository mode stresses the importance of creating an impression of authenticity and having a well-supported argument. Unlike the Poetic Mode, the Expository Mode of documentary addresses the viewer directly and does this through the use of titles and/or voice-over to add a perspective or argument to what is shown in the film There are six different modes of documentary, each with their own style and filmmaking characteristics. American film critic Bill Nichols defined these documentary types as expository, participatory, observational, performative, poetic, and reflexive. Expository documentaries, the most commonly produced type of documentary, use a spoken narrative to inform the audience on a specific subject. Fundamental documentary perspectives include modes of representation (images, diaries, publications, sound recordings, monuments and memorials, etc.) and modes of engagement as a creative enterprise of presentation, i.e., the aesthetic presentation of documentary radio, film, and photography (Nichols, 2001) Nichols Documentary Modes is a system through which films can be categorised into one of many subsets of the medium. However, this approach has not been without its criticism. Tony de Bromhead argues against Nichols modes, claiming that the core of documentary storytelling is in its emotional response and empathy and that the distinction should b The modern documentary sadly has morphed into what looks like a college lecture, the college lecture mode of telling a story. That has to stop. We have to invent a different way, a different kind.

The Poetic Mode. Posted On August 16, 2016 Jameisha Prescod 2. Documentary films, just like narrative films, come in all shapes and sizes. As creators of non-fiction films, documentary filmmakers strive to present honest and truthful stories, however, the methods in which they attempt to achieve this can be varied When researching different types of documentary, I came across Bill Nichols, who looked at the history of documentary and identified 6 distinct modes: EXPOSITORY - this is what we usually identify with documentaries. It emphasises verbal commentary and often uses a narrator. They address the audience directly and usually propose a logical argument and preferred meaning

The 6 Modes of Documentary. The Expository Mode emphasizes verbal commentary and argumentative logic using a narrator. Nature programs often fall under the Expository Mode, the most famous being David Attenborough's 'Planet Earth'. The Poetic Mode is subjective and often slightly abstract Documentary film can be told from many different points of view, and there is also a formal name for the different points of view a doc film can take on called the Six Modes of Production. Scottish documentary pioneer John Grierson first coined the term documentary in 1926; he describes documentary as a creative treatment of actuality dissecting documentary film, Nichols' theory rather uniquely allows for, and even seeks out, multiple dimensions within any well-directed documentary. The following summarizes features for each of the six Nichols' modes of documentary film: 1. The poetic mode exhibits Modernist characteristics typified by the qualities o Documentary has six distinct modes, which have been identified by American film scholar Bill Nicholas. These modes are examines through genres, structures, and aesthetics. Expository [edit | edit source] This type of documentary has a omniscient narrator who speaks directly to the audience

Analysis of Documentary Modes (The War Room and Sicko) Julius Lee Documentary FunctionsMichael Renov believes the constructive elements of the documentary are significant as the relationship between fiction and non-fiction become compatible, a practice to evoke and express than simply argue (Renov 2004, 22) Navigating documentary modes through animated documentary practice. Case study 1: Jamie's aspiration to be a clown vs. his appreciation of clowns. Facilitating and visualising verbal metacommentary to further distinguish contrasting perspectives, manifested in the performative mode Fusing different documentary modes, most commonly the expositary and the interactive. He incorporates a narrative so that the film flows as if it were a fiction film. He uses a 'comedic tone' which helps the audience to engage with the material. So for example in his film 'Roger and Me' Moore is able to tell the audience a story whilst. 2. COPYCAT. Here's a documentary made without a camera. Made from what sounds like a single interview. Assembled from footage of the very genre it dissects, Copycat is the story of an obscure low-budget horror film that became the uncredited inspiration behind Wes Craven's blockbuster series Scream.Not only does it offer a great look into an obscure bit of film history, but it's also a.

Documentary modes The Documentary Genr

Task 1 6 modes Bill Nichols modes theory is used to classify sub-genres of documentaries. He proposed that there were 6 modes of documentaries we can identify, similar to genres. The 6 modes are: Expository, Poetic, observational, participatory, performative and reflexive. Expository mode This mode can also be called 'The Voice of God'. This mode to Why are ethical issues central to documentary filmmaking? Carefully revised to take account of new work and trends, this volume includes information on more than 100 documentaries released since the first edition, an expanded treatment of the six documentary modes, new still images, and a greatly expanded list of distributors Nichols says that gaining knowledge and understanding from a Performative Documentary requires a different form of engagement than what other modes ask of their audience (2010, pp. 206). That Sugar Film (2014) is an example of this The third edition of Introduction to Documentary examines this fascinating type of filmmaking through a series of questions that involve issues of definition, ethics, content, form, modes, and politics. It adds a new chapter on how to make a documentary that focuses on preproduction, the first step to making a documentary

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The six primary types of documentaries - Videomake

  1. Like photography, documentaries are a representational medium: They record and occasionally reconstruct the everyday reality viewers typically cannot experience themselves. Because photography is an indexical sign signifying truth, audiences understand the documentary, a moving photograph, to signify truth also. However, they are able to make the distinction between the everyday reality.
  2. This paper focuses on two discrete bodies of work, Hani Susumu's films of the late 1950s and Tsuchimoto Noriaki's Minamata documentaries of the early 1970s, to trace the emergence of the cinéma vérité mode of participant-observer, small-crew documentary in Japan and to suggest how it shapes the work of later social documentarists
  3. ant modes. Optimised by what Nichols refers to as the 'voice-of-God' exposition, these films are structured around an informative.
  4. Classic cinematic conventions associated with documentary are substituted in favor of abstractionism and individualistic art. There is a key emphasis on the relationship between Textures, objects, Patterns, for example, rather than camerawork, lighting, sounds, etc. Expository-This is the mode we most typically associate documentary's with

Documentary Modes & Elements. John Corner identified 5 central elements to documentary which are used to different extents depending on the documentary. These elements include; observation, interview, dramatisation, mise-en-scene and exposition. Observation is when the film-makers and/or the subjects pretend the camera isn't present and is. Within documentary itself there are various modes to describe the different types of approach each filmmaker takes. According to Bill Nichols (an American film critic) there are five key modes consisting of; observational, interactive, expository, reflective and performative. An observational documentary is also known as the fly-on-the-wall approach as it simply observes the subject withou Expository documentary is a mode of documentary which focus's on social problems within the world. It emphasises rhetorical content. • It usually uses a voiceover which is used to drive the narrative. • This is a much more spoken in relation to poetic who leaves the audience to gather the information via visual interpretation Historical documentaries in this mode deliver an unproblematic and 'objective' account and interpretation of past events. The primary purpose of the Expository mode is to make an argument. This is the model that is most often associated with documentary in general. The structure is grounded in a series of assertions backed up by evidence I think this documentary definitely is a performative documentary as the whole documentary is based on the filmmaker's life and how he is trying to reconstruct his memories. Poetic The poetic mode moved away from continuity editing and instead organized images of the material world by means of associations and patterns, both in terms of time.

Expository documentaries are probably closest to what most people consider documentaries. In sharp contrast to poetic, expository documentaries aim to inform and/or persuade — often through omnipresent Voice of God narration that's devoid of ambiguous or poetic rhetoric. This mode includes the familiar Ken Burns and television (A&E, History Channel, etc.) styles Nichols considers this question from the former, production centric concerns, in conceiving of his modes of Documentary filmmaking (Nichols, 2010: 142-211). Many of the distinguishing factors between the various modes relates to the level of awareness, amongst the audience, of the camera and the process of filming, whether these modes emerged.

the documentary genre over slightly more than a century. This brief approximation does not use a linear chronology, but is instead essentially based on the description of the modes suggested by Bill Nichols in Representing reality. Issues and Concepts in Documentary (1991), and cite Documentaries can be split into different forms. Each documentary form has been inspired by Bill Nichols' books Introduction to Documentary (2001) and Representing Reality (1991) In 'Introduction to Documentary' Bill Nichols proposes six types—or modes—of documentary. The following are listed below These questions move through issues of ethics, form, modes, voice, history and politics, among others. A final chapter addresses the question of how to write about documentary in a clear, convincing manner. Introduction to Documentary provides the foundational key to further explorations in this exceptionally vital area of filmmaking today The various modes of documentary filmmaking outlined in the reading by Bill Nichols are:. The Observational Mode; Participatory Mode; Reflexive Mode; The Performative Mode; I would like to focus on the Performative Mode. Bill Nichols introduces the the performative mode of documentary as the deflection of emphasis away from a realist representation of the historical world and toward poetic.

Modes of Documentary To support his theory, Bill Nichols divided social representation films into six different modes. Expository documentaries - The most traditional documentary form that uses an authoritative voiceover or presenter to address viewers directly and argue a case about history, nature or politics Reflexive mode This mode, which includes the mockumentary format, calls attention to the assumptions and conventions that govern documentary filmmaking to increase our awareness of how films construct representations of reality. Examples: Land Without Bread, The Man with a Movie Camera, This is Spinal Tap, F for Fake Performative mode

Nichols' 6 Modes of Documentary Might Expand Your

Documentaries that use a combination of modes or genres fall into a mixed genre. Disco and Atomic War combines dramatizations to portray the narrator's memory and imagination of events from his childhood to great effect, along with essayistic, expository and interview modes. Animation We have a couple of non-fiction animation films on Docuseek2 Documentaries are different from feature stories in a couple of ways. A documentary film is a short or a long video whose main objective is to give the viewer a realistic as well as an accurate picture of aspects of life or highlight works of technical nature Documentary Mode. 113 likes. A page to showcase and explore documentary film

The 6 modes of documentary. Poetic - The poetic mode of documentary focuses more on abstract ideas and less on the objective reality that they are about. A good example of this is Sam's documentary. Sam's documentary is about his journey to school, but rather than just having shots of buses traffic signs Sam shows his journey how he views. One of the most distinctive aspects of documentary studies has been the attention given to documentary modes of representation. In his analysis of documentary modes, Bill Nichols refers to a 'constituency of viewers', asking the question: 'what are the assumptions and expectations that characterise the viewing of a documentary?' (1991: 24)

Modes of Documentary Tuesday, 15 May 2012. Performative Documentary. Performative documentaries are where the film maker takes part in the documentary as the main subject who is trying something out for an experiment. They are part of the filming as well as being the documentary maker. This is often confused with participatory documentaries After reading about documentaries for the last few weeks, I took it upon myself to watch some documentaries and try to discover more about this interesting and unique genre. After reading through Bill Nichol's Introduction to documentary, I discovered all of the different modes used in documentary filmmaking and they are: The Observational Mode Th

Modes of Documentary Tuesday, 8 May 2012. The Participatory mode Unlike the observational mode, the participatory mode welcomes direct engagement between filmmaker and subject(s) - the filmmaker becomes part of the events being recorded The filmmakers impact on the events being recorded is acknowledged, indeed, it is often celebrated.. Modes of address: Expository. A very traditional form of documentary in which an unseen speaker performs a voiceover commentary that literally explains the images that we are seeing. It is the form often associated with wild life or historic documentaries, in which the viewer might feel in need of information about what they are seeing SIX MODES OF DOCUMENTARY. This week we will be looking into six modes or styles of documentary making. As you will notice there are some cross overs between different modes, but there are also some elements of filmmaking specific to each mode / style. In Monday sessions we will be going over each mode of documentary, watching some examples. The example I have given for the performative mode is the documentary called 'CatFish' this documentary is a clear example of the mode performative as the main guy making the video is the subject of the story. We see his views throughout the documentary and is entirely based on him and an experience

Film 101: Understanding Expository Documentary Mode - 2021

This website uses cookies. We inform you that this site uses own, technical and third parties cookies to make sure our web page is user-friendly and to guarantee a high functionality of the webpage The Delian Mode: Directed by Kara Blake. With Jon Brooks, Delia Derbyshire, Dick Mills, Alan Sutcliffe. A Genie Award winning documentary about electronic music pioneer Delia Derbyshire, primarily remembered for the original realization of Ron Grainer's theme for Doctor Who and her work with the BBC Radiophonic Workshop Interactive multimedia documentaries try to represent and interact with reality, a fact that implies the consideration and use of a set of techniques or modes to do so (browsing and interaction modes), which make it, in this new form of communication, the key element in reaching the documentary's objectives POETIC MODE: A mode of documentary film developed in the 1920s which presented documentary footage heavily edited to create a tone or abstract feeling rather than a concrete story or meaning. EXPOSITORY MODE: A documentary mode developed in the 1930s and 40s that uses editing, voice-over narration, non-diegetic music, and direct interviews usually in order to persuade audiences

Rhetorical Modes

THE DOCUMENTARY MODE throughout hiS career, even claiming at one point that the nonfktion film had become his main concern (Autobiography 256). Recently, his most clearly documentary film, Las Hurdes [Land without Bread] (1933), has been the object of much debate regarding his sources, funding 'how to write a documentary script' page 2 of 52 table of contents - introduction page 3-4 - writing for film and why documentaries are dif ferent page 5-7 - short introduction to documentary styles page 8-9 - research, research, research: you can't say it enough!page 10-15 - essential script elements page 16-37 - putting a script toge ther page 38-46. Here are some top lessons I learned with my first feature documentary project. 12 Steps On How To Make A Documentary. 1) Make a trailer: If you have any need or desire to raise funds for your project, a trailer - a fantastic trailer — is essential. A trailer is also a wonderful tool for building an audience and creating buzz

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Documentary : Meaning,Types of Documentary Films and Mode

These questions move through issues of ethics, form, modes, voice, history and politics, among others. A final chapter addresses the question of how to write about documentary in a clear, convincing manner. Introduction to Documentary provides the foundational key to further explorations in this exceptionally vital area of center making today Introduction to Documentary provides a one-of-a-kind overview of the most important topics and issues in documentary history and criticism. Designed for students in any field that makes use of visual evidence and persuasive strategies, from the law to anthropology, and from history to journalism, this book spells out the distinguishing qualities of documentary The performative mode, often regarded as the most 'honest' of the six styles, places emphasis on the film making process itself, often chronicling the documentarist's subjective journey, often including the failures and struggles that may occur during the filming process as part of the final product. The performative documentary maker is. pathways of documentary film that ultimately lead to the performative documentary. I contrast the performative mode against a common paradigm that documentary, and particularly science documentary, demands a filmic text that embraces traditional conventions of narrative, realism, empiricism, causality and evidentiary truth claims Asif Kapadia is in limbo. He has been here before. The director of seven feature films, his last — Amy, the tragic story of the late singer Amy Winehouse — won the 2016 Oscar for Best Documentary

Windows 10 in S mode is designed for security and performance, exclusively running apps from the Microsoft Store. If you want to install an app that isn't available in the Microsoft Store, you'll need to switch out of S mode. Switching out of S mode is one-way. If you make the switch, you won't be able to go back to Windows 10 in S mode A new documentary about Depeche Mode, Spirits in the Forest, will trace the stories of six of the group's fans who live all over the world, as they journey to a concert by the band in Berlin.It.

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The 6 Types of Documentary Films - PremiumBea

Grizzly Man is not a documentary. this documentary is so controversial in my mind that i don't see it as a. Question: FILM Grizzly Man has attributes of which documentary mode (s)? a. performative b. expository c. poetic d. reflexive e. participatory f. all of the above g. 'a' and 'c' only

Mixing Modes: The Stories We Tell (2012) | Lauren'sDestiny 2 Season of the Worthy Arrives on March 11thDON’T PLAY ALONE! SHARE THE SCARES IN NEWLY UNVEILED MAN